Calcareous

adj.

Containing or composed of calcium carbonate. Chalky.

[“Clarice Lispector,” from Coming to Writing and Other Essays — Hélène Cixous]

Calescent

adj.

  1. growing warm; increasing in heat.

[Brendan Adkins, in a review of Brown Sugar on Letterboxd]

Carom

n.

1. a cannon in billiards or pool

v. 

1. make a carom; strike and rebound

[The Absolute Book — Elizabeth Knox]

Caryatid

n. (Architecture)

  1. a stone carving of a draped female figure, used as a pillar to support the entablature of a Greek or Greek-style building.

[Moby-Dick; or, The Whale — Herman Melville]

Casuistry

n.

  1. Specious or excessively subtle reasoning intended to rationalize or mislead.
  2. The determination of right and wrong in questions of conduct or conscience by analyzing cases that illustrate general ethical rules.

[A Reader on Reading — Alberto Manguel]

Catachresis

n.

  1. the use of a word in a way that is not correct, for example, the use of mitigate for militate. Also the name given to many different types of figures of speech in which a word or phrase is being applied in a way that significantly departs from conventional (or traditional) usage.

Celerity

noun

  1. swiftness of movement.

[Summer Lightning — P.G. Wodehouse]

Charabanc

n. (British)

  1. an early form of bus, used typically for pleasure trips.

[The Waves — Virginia Woolf]

Chinoiserie

n. 

  1. the imitation or evocation of Chinese motifs and techniques in Western art, furniture, and architecture, especially in the 18th century [as modifier] hand-painted chinoiserie wallpaper.
  2. chinoiserie objects or decorations: a piece of chinoiserie | one room has red velvet and chinoiseries.

[Bad News — Edward St. Aubyn]

Chirurgeon

noun (archaic)

  1. Surgeon

[The Tempest – William Shakespeare]